Sit-Stand Research

The science behind the need to stand

Studies find a strong correlation between long periods of sitting and elevated risk of mortality; experts call this “sitting disease.”

If you are reading this while sitting down, you might want to stand up for a moment.

Key Findings

  • At their 2013 annual meeting, the American Medical Association (AMA) adopted policy recognizing potential risks of prolonged sitting and encouraging employers, employees and others to make available alternatives to sitting, such as sit-stand workstations.
  • A 2011 study published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shows that when workers are equipped with sit-stand workstations, prolonged sitting is reduced and mood states improve.
  • A 2010 study published in the American Journal of Epidemiology suggests that people who sit for long periods during their leisure time have an increased risk of disease.
  • An American Cancer Society study of 120,000 adults, published in 2010, suggests that the more people sit, the shorter their average life span. What’s more, the findings were independent of physical activity level such as with people who exercise outside of work.

Featured Studies

Workplace Sitting and Height-Adjustable Workstations, A Randomized Controlled Trial - PDF Neuhaus M, Healy GN, Dunstan DW, Owen N, Eakin EG Ergotron WorkFit American Journal of Preventive Medicine - site 2014
Reducing Sitting Time in Office Workers: Short-Term Efficacy of a Multicomponent Intervention - PDF Healy GN, Eakin EG, Lamontagne AD, Owen N, EA Winkler, Wiesner G, Gunning L, Neuhaus M, Lawler S, Fjeldsoe BS, Dunstan DW Ergotron WorkFit Preventative Medicine - site 2013
Systematic review of associations of sedentary behavior with the metabolic syndrome - PDF Gardiner PA, Jefferis B n/a 2013
Effect of Sit-Stand Workstations on Physical Activity in Sedentary Office Workers - PDF Dutta N, Koepp GA, Schmitz C, Stovitz SD, Levine JA, Pereira MA Ergotron WorkFit pending 2012
Review of sedentary behavior interventions in adults - PDF Gardiner PA, Healy GN, Owen N, Eakin EG Training 2012
Patterns of Objectively Measured Prolonged Sedentary Time and Physical Activity at Work - PDF Thorp AA, Healy GN, Clark BK, Gardiner PA, Winkler EA, Owen N, Dunstan DW Accelerometer 2012
Reducing Occupational Sitting Time and Improving Worker Health - PDF Pronk NP, Katz AS, Lowry M, Payfer JR Ergotron WorkFit Centers for Disease Control - site 2011
Feasibility of Reducing Sedentary Time in Office Workers - PDF Gardiner PA, Healy GN, Robinson C, Winkler EA, Clark BK, Eakin EG, Owen N, Dunstan DW Training 2010
Accelerometer-measured occupational sedentary time in Australian workers - PDF Thorp AA, Owen N, Healy GN, Winkler EA, Gardiner PA, Clark BK, Dunstan DW Accelerometer 2010
Television Viewing Time and Sitting Time: are they similarly associated with biomarkers of cardio-metabolic risk? - PDF Thorp AA, Owen N, Healy GN, Clark BK, Salmon J, Ball K, Shaw JE, Zimmet PZ, Dunstan DW n/a American Diabetes Association - site 2009
Too little exercise and too much sitting: Inactivity physiology and the need for new recommendations on sedentary behavior Hamilton MT, Healy GN, Dunstan DW, Zderic TW, Owen N n/a Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports - site 2008
Find more research relating to the science of sedentary behavior and worker health as used as references for our What if... video.

Wellness Summit

JustStand Wellness Summit

The JustStand Wellness Summit is an annual event dedicated to sharing perspectives about the science of sedentary behavior and creating healthy work environments. Thought-leaders and researchers from around the world come to share ideas and findings.

View Presentations:

2012 Summit | 2013 Summit

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